As the population of the world is growing very quickly, the only long-term solution to the problem of overpopulation is for humans to settle on other planets. What benefits has the world got from space exploration? Do you think humans will ever live on other planets?
Space exploration is no longer limited to Hollywood science fiction movies but rather it has become a modern reality. Both manned and unmanned space crafts have been sent to outer space to record and gather information about life on other planets as well as a host of other reasons.
Firstly, the natural resources of the Earth are running out because of overpopulation. We are also destroying our natural environment by human activity in the form of pollution. It is for this reason that we need to explore other options for future human survival. Secondly, space exploration has made life on Earth safer and easier. With the help of satellites, the weather can be predicted accurately. This is particularly useful in avoiding the effects of natural disasters and predicting crop yields. Satellites also have the ability to locate fossil fuels that exist under the Earth’s surface, as well as to monitor asteroids that threaten our existence. Let us not forget the job opportunities this field offers or the GPS, internet and phone systems that operate via satellite.
Technology is moving at a rapid pace and as life forms have already been found on Mars, space stations might make it possible for humans to emigrate. However I believe that this will not happen in the near future. Research is still needed to ensure that it is safe to live on another planet and that there are enough resources to sustain human life. Companies are already selling plots of land on the moon and are preparing to take tourist for visits to the moon.
Space exploration has offered mankind a lot in terms of safety and comfort and it offers the potential for future survival.
Question taken from Focusing on IELTS Reading and Writing skills p.176