Saturday, 27 October 2012

Verbs - Present Simple

We use present simple for:-
  • Habits or repeated actions (every day, once a week, etc.) e.g. We telephone each other twice a month.
  • Things that are always true e.g. Adele sings very well.
  • Timetables e.g. The train leaves at 7:30 in the morning and arrives at 9am. I go to work at 7am daily and return at 5pm.

Use present simple with:-
  • Verbs that are not activities - think, know, understand, agree, want
  • Adverbs of frequency - sometimes, often, always, usually, never, occasionally
I/You/We/They work
He/She/It works (add 's' or 'es' to the verb)

Verbs ending in sh, ch, ss, o, x add 'es'
wash washes
teach teaches
cross crosses
go goes
mix → mixes

Verbs ending in consonant (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z) + y, change to 'ies'
carry carries
study studies
cry cries

I usually walk to work.
She often drives into town on Mondays.
We park our car in front of the supermarket.
They wait at that bus stop over there.
I wake up at 7:30 every day.
She sometimes sleeps late at weekends.
We make sure we wash our face every morning.
I always eat a sandwich for lunch because I don't have time to cook.
Ahtletes drink a lot of water.
He frequently buys ice-cream in the summer.
That shop sells frozen yoghurt too.
I like ice-cream.

I/you/we/they do not (don’t) cook.
She/he/it does not (doesn’t) cook.

He doesn't always cook for his family.
He doesn't watch TV at all.
She doesn't listen to rock music.
We don't usually play the guitar when we perform live.
They don't play games in their free time.
They don't dance when they go to clubs.
I don't read any books that don't have pictures in them.
Unfortunately I don't sing very well. 

Do I/you/we/they live in Spain?
Does she/he/it live in Spain?

Do you choose what to wear to work?
Does she telephone you when she wants something?
Do you remember that house?
Do you think it's a good idea?
Does he live in Vietnam?
Do the neighbours clean their house every week?
Do he usually study for his exams?
Do they meet up once a month to discuss business?
Does he work in a factory?
Do they often laugh at my jokes?
Do we usually order the salad? I can't remember.
Do I often write long letters? Yes, I do!

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