Thursday, 21 February 2013

Academic Writing - Model Answer (Task 2)

Public transport is essential but problematic. Describe some of the problems connected to public transport and suggest some solutions.

If public transport did not exist, the roads would be more congested than they currently are as everyone would be forced to use their private vehicle. Pollution levels would be at a record high and movement would be extremely difficult and frustrating. So, the benefits of public transport cannot be over emphasized but that is not to say that the system is not without flaws.

There are often delays in public transport due to maintenance, bad weather, closing of some routes or excessive traffic which means that travelers are held up. Sometimes, particularly during rush hour it is a struggle to get onto a train or a bus as there are too many people. In third world countries we often hear about accidents on public transport where many passengers are killed. This may be the result of human error or old vehicles that have not undergone maintenance or security checks.

Travelers should be notified in advance if there are likely to be delays on some routes. This can be done through the media or a service that sends text messages to inform passengers. A system should also be put into place to control the number of people boarding a public vehicle. This should not be more than the capacity it can carry. In some countries they sell the same seat to more than one traveler and this means that there is overcrowding. It is also very important to follow health and safety regulations with respect to public transport in order to avoid the loss of life.

Question taken from Get ready for IELTS writing p. 83

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