In some parts of the world traditional festivals and celebrations have disappeared or are disappearing. What do you think are the causes of this development and what measures could be taken to solve it?
Traditional festivals and celebrations are usually held in villages and towns where the older generation is responsible for keeping these traditions alive. Today villages are shrinking as the young population moves to urban areas in search for work and a higher standard of living. Many also migrate to other countries leaving the older generation behind.
This modern trend has two effects on traditional events. Firstly, when younger generations migrate they tend to not follow traditional customs as they find them outdated and they may even take part in new celebrations. Secondly, it’s impossible for older generations to pass on traditions if there is nobody left to do so. What is more, social change has come about with the popularity of modern technology. Young people are far more interested in playing computer games and being on social networking sites than taking part in traditional celebrations.
In order to encourage people to become interested in their cultural roots, the government could take some measures and parents could also make a conscious effort to educate their children. The government could invest in rural areas and sponsor local festivals and celebrations. If municipalities have enough funding available to them, they will be able to host more glamorous events and attract greater participation and audiences. Investment could also be made to support cultural centres where children could go and learn about their cultural heritage. Finally, school children should have the opportunity to take part in local festivals.
Question taken from Direct to IELTS Student's Book p.99