Sunday, 26 January 2014

Academic Writing - Model Answer (Task 2)

Some people think that strict punishments for driving offences are the key to reducing traffic accidents. Others, however, believe that other measures would be more effective in improving road safety. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. 

Traffic accidents are caused by speeding, drinking and driving, not following road rules, not focusing on driving etc and often result in the loss of lives. Punishments vary from country to country and include imprisonment, taking away a person’s license for some time, a fine, removing points from a driving license etc.

If a likely accident is in someone’s control such as speeding or drinking and driving, knowledge of a severe punishment will make a driver think twice before committing a driving offence. Many innocent people die in traffic accidents because of irresponsible drivers and strict punishments will hold drivers responsible for their actions. Nobody wants to pay an expensive fine or spend time in prison, so fear of punishment might be effective.

Many road accidents happen by chance and so are called “accidents”. For this reason it would be a good idea to look at other options to improve road safety. Safety campaigns could be promoted in the media to inform the public on how they can avoid accidents. Secondly, authorities should make it more difficult for people to get their driving license in the first place so that when they do start driving, drivers are confident, know the road rules well and are less likely to take risks on the road.

Unfortunately I believe people learn the hard way and the fear of knowing a high price will be paid for irresponsible behavior will make drivers think twice when they put the key into the ignition. Road safety affects us all and tough measures need to be in place.

Question taken from Official IELTS Practice Materials 2

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