Sunday, 4 November 2012

Verbs - Past Simple

We use past simple for:-
  • Completed actions in the past e.g. We went to the cinema yesterday.
  • Actions that interrupted longer actions in the past e.g. Elaine dropped in while we were having dinner.
Expressions with the past simple: yesterday, last weekend/week/night/month/year, two minutes/hours/days/nights/weeks/months/years ago

POSITIVE SENTENCES
We add ed to regular verbs. The verb is the same for all persons: I/You/He/She/It/We/They played

Spelling:
Verbs ending in e, add d e.g. like → liked
Consonant (b,c,d,f,g,h,j,k,l,m,n,p,q,r,s,t,v,w,x,y,z) + y = i + ed e.g. study→studied
Vowel (a,e,i,o,u) + consonant = double consonant + ed e.g. stop→stopped
She woke up at 7 o'clock yesterday.
The shop sold over 2.000 ice-creams last month.
As the train arrived early this morning I managed to get to work on time.
I got undressed and went straight to bed.
That house was buit 5 years ago.
Peter drank a glass of water before he continued talking.
The Chinese won the most gold medals in the paralympic games in London.
While his parents were away on holiday, he broke his piggy bank and spent all his savings.
He fell off his bike yesterday and broke his leg.
They changed their currency at the airport.
We ate burgers last night.
He went into the house slowly so as not to wake anyone.

Irregular verbs



NEGATIVE
Subject + did not + infinitive for all persons and verbs (regular and irregular)
 I/You/He/She/It/We/They did not (didn’t) play

I didn't grow up in India.
We didn't have a washing machine when we were studying at university.
I didn't think about it until I had reached home.
The students didn't understand the lesson very well.
We didn't hear about the news because we never watch TV.
They didn't close the suitcase well and it opened during the trip.
Whenever she spoke to the parrot, it didn't repeat her words.
They took the car to the mechanic but he didn't fix it because he didn't have the spare parts for it.

QUESTIONS
Did + subject + infinitive for all persons and verbs (regular and irregular)
Did I/You/He/She/It/We/They play?

Did he go up the stairs or use the elavator?
Did the class finish the assignment on time?
Did the police officers follow the bank robbers after the bank robbery?
Did they manage to pull them up?
Did you remember to switch off the gas when you left the house?
Did the company answer back to the letter of complaint you sent?
Did Mike receive the package he was waiting for?
Did the children put the toys back where they found them?

Past Simple of the verb 'to be'

It was snowing yesterday.
He wasn't at the football match because he was at work.
Were they happy to hear the news?

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